we are all aware, purchasing new carpet for your home can be quite a costly
event. Matters can be made worse,when you feel you've been misled by a
fast talking salesman who tries to impress you with terminology he hopes
you don't understand. Wouldn't you rather have purchased the carpet that
best fits your needs rather than the carpet that earned the salesperson
the biggest commission? Ultimate has compiled a small amount of information
to help assist you in your decision, an informed choice is always the
better choice. We hope this helps you.
Even though color may be the first consideration, quality should be a
major factor in choosing the right carpet for your home. Quality plays
a big role in the longevity of your carpet. To determine quality, you
should check the carpet's pile or yarn for texture, depth and density.
"Pile" is the yarn on the top surface of the carpet. Long-wearing
carpet has a closely packed, dense pile attached firmly to the backing
of the carpet. Therefore, carpets which have a firmer, fuller feel have
a greater longevity. A good way to check the density of the carpet's pile,
is to bend back the corner of the carpet. The more you see the carpets
backing, the less durable your carpet will be and the less fiber there
is to walk on. Different types of piles have different degrees of durability.
CARPET PILE TYPES OR STYLES
- The pile loops are cut to expose the ends of the yarn. There are four
basic cut pile styles:
- A frieze pile is very highly twisted with a firm, lean feel and
appearance. This is a good choice for areas of high traffic - kids
rooms, family rooms, halls, foyers, and stairways. Other than possibly
a loop pile, a frieze pile does provide the best resistance to appearance
Plush - The tufts are usually under one inch high,
and a better Saxony plush has tightly twisted yarn tufts that don't
flair open. In fact, you can easily see the tufted ends. Saxony has
a larger pile which tends to give a less formal look to a room. Saxony
Plush is the same as Saxony but with a smaller yarn which gives a
room a very formal look.
- The durability of a textured Saxony pile generally falls between
that of a Saxony and a Frieze. This pile has a greater twist than
a Saxony and therefore reduces footprints and vacuum cleaner marks.
- This is a carpet that shows shading from vacuuming. Typically, there
is little tuft definition and it has an extremely smooth surface which
looks to many people like velvet. Individual tufts are tightly packed,
creating a very dense pile which is both rich and soft. It's perfect
in living rooms and bedrooms with moderate to light traffic.
- Instead of cutting the loops, carpet mills leave the loop uncut with
no visible ends, providing very good resistance to matting and crushing.
There are several looped styles of carpet available:
- The loops are of equal height, making the carpet very durable and
resistant to matting, often used in high traffic areas. Berber is
the most popular residential carpet of this style. It is usually made
of an untwisted yarn which is low in profile and typically has a multicolored
- Usually has two to three different loop heights to create pattern
effects. It's looped structure provides good durability.
- Cut and loop carpets have both cut and loop piles and usually have
a sculptured pattern which is multicolored.
PAR Rating system
The PAR Rating
system is an industry scale endorsed by The Carpet and Rug Institute and
measures a carpet's likelihood to change from its original appearance
due to matting. It is rated on a scale from 1-5, with a high number representing
the least change and therefore higher quality. Generally, the denser a
carpet is tufted, the higher its PAR will be.
Fiber is a major component in determining a carpet's durability There
are 5 basic fibers that are used in carpet construction, each with their
strengths and weaknesses.
One of the most popular pile fibers used. It is wear-resistant, resilient,
withstands the weight and movement of furniture, and provides brilliant
color. Ability to resist soil and stains. Generally good for all traffic
for luxurious, soft "hand" when used in thick, cut pile
textures. Has excellent color clarity and retention. Easily cleaned,
and resistant to water soluble stains.
resists wear and permanent stains, and is easily cleaned. Resists
static electricity and is often used in both indoor and outdoor installations
because of its resistance to moisture and mildew.
the appearance and feel of wool without the cost. Has low static level
and is moisture and mildew resistant. Commonly used in velvet and
level loop constructions.
Noted for its luxury and performance, wool is soft, has high bulk,
and is available in many colors. Generally, wool is somewhat more
expensive than synthetic fibers. And in some cases may aggravate allergies
for some people.
Carpet made from fiber which has a luster is shiny in appearance, reflecting
a rooms light. Carpet is produced in a variety of luster's, ranging
from bright to dull.
A good carpet pad will add years to your carpet and is key to your comfort
under foot. The carpet pad not only creates a softer walking surface,
it also helps absorb noise, prevents carpet from sliding and insulates
cold floors. Different materials are used to make carpet pad. Foam rubber
and Urethane are the most common - both are durable, non allergenic
and mildew resistant. Foam rubber cushions are often available both
in flat and waffle styles
It is best
to choose a pad based on the room's intended use.. The denser the pad,
the better the carpet will perform. A thin, super soft pad is less effective
than a fairly firm one. A firm, dense pad should be used in rooms with
heavy traffic, while a carpet pad with less density can be used in rooms
with lighter traffic.